Iran & U.S. Reach Nuclear Agreement
by Catie Wise on Friday, October 2nd, 2015
On July 14th, 2015, Iran and other world powers made a deal to restrain Tehran’s usage of nuclear weapons after bargaining for two years. This agreement was decided between both Iran and the United Nation’s Security Council, which is responsible for controlling peace and security with countries around the world. The Security Council consists of five main countries, including the Republic of China, France, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom, and the United States, and, according to the U.N., ten non-permanent members elected for two-year terms. However, the Iran deal primarily involved the United States.
Although the actual legal document of the deal is over 100 pages long, there are certain key points that are necessary to understand. Above all, the main purpose of the deal is to limit or stop Iran’s ability to acquire nuclear weapons, or in other words, to scorch Iran’s nuclear programs. According to NPR, “Iran has agreed to turn its Fordow facility into a research center where Iranian and world scientists will work side by side. Fordow… has been the center of international worry, because for years, experts have believed that Iran was enriching uranium in centrifuges there.”
Although Iran is expected to limit its nuclear programs, it receives benefits too. Over the years, the UN – the U.S. in particular – has imposed economic sanctions against Iran. According to the CFR (Council on Foreign Relations), “governments and multinational bodies impose economic sanctions to try to alter the strategic decisions of state and non-state actors that threaten their interests or violate international norms of behavior”. In other words, the U.S. placed these economic sanctions on Iran to limit its ability to trade with the U.S. and vice versa.
One big question that resonates with most American citizens after reading about the Iran Nuclear Deal is: which country won? Although it seems like there is no real “winner” in this deal, there are mostly positives for both countries. The deal was made to stop Iran’s access to nuclear weapons, but Iran does not have to stop uranium enrichment. The main idea of Iran’s nuclear program is to be used for peaceful purposes, and the country has enriched uranium in order to continue those goals.
The deal grants permission to Iran to continue to do this process at its facility in the city of Natanz, but according to NPR, “the country would only be allowed to enrich uranium to no more than 3.67 percent, which is enough for civilian purposes… but is much lower than what is needed for a weapon”. For the United States, some of the positives include the facts that the sanctions are allowed to return if the deal is not met, the International Atomic Energy Agency is allowed to inspect Iranian facilities whenever IAEA pleases, and lastly, the U.S. is now friendlier with Iran.
Not only does this deal affect individuals internationally, but it also connects back to our own Milton community. Many students and faculty have very strong opinions as to what this deal means to themselves and us. Bobby Beniers (II) says that, “even though this deal was made, I do still worry that some sort of nuclear attack may happen. They are still allowed to enrich uranium, and they have always been a threat to the United States.” On the contrary, Henry Westerman (II) thinks “[the deal] is necessary because we need to make some sort of amends with them. Before the deal, Iran had the potential to attack; yet people are worried that they still have potential. At least making economic ties will make them less of a threat.” Only time will tell how effective this deal really is.
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